1. For the purposes of the time limits stipulated by this Act, the time limits or periods (hereinafter jointly referred to as ‘time limits’) expressed in days, months or years shall be calculated in such a manner that they do not include the starting date. The starting date shall be the date of the event or other circumstances from which the time limit begins to run.
2. A time limit expressed in months or years shall expire on the day which corresponds to the date following that of the starting date; if the month of expiry does not contain such a date, expiry shall take place on the last day of the month.
3. Where the closing date of the time limit is not a business day, expiry shall take place only on the subsequent business day.
4. Time limits indicated in notices (invitations) shall begin to run on the day following the date of dispatch of the relevant notice (invitation) or on the date of the direct sending of the invitation.
5. Paragraphs 1 to 3 shall also apply to the calculation of the validity period and the period specified in Article 131(6).